Wayuu Weaving (Wayúu Community – La Guajira)
- Wayúu weaving is easily recognized given the novelty use of color, design and shapes.
- The edges of the material are even and straight, in both the handles of the bags or the fringes of the hammocks. These must be in accordance to the color, and if possible, with the same design as the final pieces.
- These pieces are never weaved with machinery.
San Jacinto Weaving (San Jacinto – Bolívar)
Zenú Weaving “Sombrero vueltiao” (Zenú Reservation – Córdoba, Sucre)
- Zenú weaving bases its artisan production on a natural fiber known as “Caña Flecha”. With this fiber they create braids that constitute each hat. The number of braids varies with the quality and the size of the hat.
- Five types of hats are known: fifteen, nineteen, twenty-one, twenty-three and twenty-seven and their name is given by the number of thread pairs used in their elaboration.
- The finest hats are the ones with 19, 21, 23, 27 and up to 31 turns. And even though after it has been woven it is hard to determine the technique, the weight of the hat is used to identify the quality.
- To recognize Zenú weaving, in particular the “sombrero vueltiao”, you must take into account:
- The braid from which the hat is created must be continuous, with exact dimensions and lines should be straight, never curved or undulating.
- In Zenú weaving, the joining of the braids should not be notorious, you should not see loose fibers, or double stitching. Also, the width of the braid should be even and not having wider or narrower areas.
- The hat is not braided by length, but by hat.
- During the elaboration process, the craftsman must take into account shrinking when the braid is stitched it starts to shrink and gives shape to the hat and at the same time the patterns and joints must also fall into perfect alignment.
Ceramics from Carmen de Viboral (Carmen del Viboral - Antioquia)
- The pieces are completely clean and don’t have traces of polishing.
- The color must be homogenous, no difference in size among the different pieces; decorated with floral designs with short, long, thick and thin spontaneous brush strokes, making these compositions emblematic artisan pieces.
Chiva from Pitalito (Pitalito – Huila)