This is how crafts are recognized in Colombia

Colombia is the country with the greatest number of artisan denomination origin products in Latin America. 
Every piece of craftsman work is elaborated by the hands of different communities and has imprinted certain characteristics that make them unique. 
For this reason, it is important to know how to choose these crafts and be able to recognize its originality and in this way, with each purchase you will be supporting the work of the artisans that with their hands and creativity construct memories and maintain traditions alive in the country.
Some of the artisan products with origin denomination: 

Wayuu Weaving (Wayúu Community – La Guajira)


Image taken from www.artesaní
Wayúu weaving is an ancestral practice that has survived the passing of time. From the Wayúu we can find beautiful mochilas (bags), chinchorros, hammocks and blankets. Their colors and geometric shapes are unique and allow others to easily recognize Wayúu weaving anywhere around the world, aside from being considered a symbol of creativity and wisdom for this culture. 
To recognize Wayúu weaving you must take into account: 
  • Wayúu weaving is easily recognized given the novelty use of color, design and shapes. 
  • The edges of the material are even and straight, in both the handles of the bags or the fringes of the hammocks. These must be in accordance to the color, and if possible, with the same design as the final pieces. 
  • These pieces are never weaved with machinery. 

San Jacinto Weaving (San Jacinto – Bolívar)

San Jacinto is an artisan town with African and indigenous roots located to the south of Cartagena, Bolivar. It is the land of the ancient Zenú and a cradle for gaita players that has always been linked to their weaving. 
Vertical looms are the most widely used instruments for the elaboration of hammocks, tapestry and other typical crafts of this artisan group. 
To recognize San Jacinto hammocks, you must take into account: 
The products of San Jacinto are recognized by their eye-catching variations of color dyed on cotton fabric as tradition mandates. 
These are high quality and resistance pieces with a stable and resistant structure. 
The edges of the material are straight, the color is firm and uniform without any stains or discoloration coming from the lack of loss of color or fixation. 

Zenú Weaving “Sombrero vueltiao” (Zenú Reservation – Córdoba, Sucre)


Image taken from www.artesaní
  • Zenú weaving bases its artisan production on a natural fiber known as “Caña Flecha”. With this fiber they create braids that constitute each hat. The number of braids varies with the quality and the size of the hat. 
  • Five types of hats are known: fifteen, nineteen, twenty-one, twenty-three and twenty-seven and their name is given by the number of thread pairs used in their elaboration. 
  • The finest hats are the ones with 19, 21, 23, 27 and up to 31 turns. And even though after it has been woven it is hard to determine the technique, the weight of the hat is used to identify the quality. 
  • To recognize Zenú weaving, in particular the “sombrero vueltiao”, you must take into account: 
  • The braid from which the hat is created must be continuous, with exact dimensions and lines should be straight, never curved or undulating. 
  • In Zenú weaving, the joining of the braids should not be notorious, you should not see loose fibers, or double stitching. Also, the width of the braid should be even and not having wider or narrower areas. 
  • The hat is not braided by length, but by hat. 
  • During the elaboration process, the craftsman must take into account shrinking when the braid is stitched it starts to shrink and gives shape to the hat and at the same time the patterns and joints must also fall into perfect alignment. 

Ceramics from Carmen de Viboral (Carmen del Viboral - Antioquia)


Image taken from www.artesaní
In the east of Antioquia there is a town called Carmen de Viboral, famous for its ceramic white vases that are delicately adorned with the design of different flowers. Nearby municipalities also create these ceramics, nonetheless only the ones from Carmen de Viboral are hand painted by the artisans. 
This land offers a great variety of clay and quartz that are mixed together to harden and whiten the clay. The decoration is done with mineral pigments under a varnish. 
The floral designs of the pieces receive the name of the women that make the decorations, for example, Carmelina, Isabela, Florelba and Valeria, among others. Sometimes they also take the name of special events for the town such as Verano, Cartago for an artisan fair where they sold a lot of ceramics; Saúl, for the TV program “Saúl en la olla”; and Viboral for the name of the town among others. 
To recognize the ceramics of Carmen de Viboral, you must take into account: 
  • The pieces are completely clean and don’t have traces of polishing. 
  • The color must be homogenous, no difference in size among the different pieces; decorated with floral designs with short, long, thick and thin spontaneous brush strokes, making these compositions emblematic artisan pieces. 

Chiva from Pitalito (Pitalito – Huila)


Image taken from www.artesaní
In the department of Huila we find the municipality of Pitalito, that has a strong artisan tradition that among other reasons has to do with the abundance of clay in the area. 
To recognize a chiva from Pitalito, you must take into account: 
Made and decorated by hand. 
Made with soft clay with high plasticity, coming from Pitalito.
Very well-defined details in the chassis of the pieces. 
With information of Artesanías de Colombia.